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Work immersion is one of the necessary subjects for graduating students. Wherein the Senior High School

students must undergo practicum that relates to the students’ course. In this subject, you as the students are able to learn and experience things about their courses since, they are exposed with the work-related environment to their field of specialization. Hence, it will be a great help to enhance their competency level. They can also develop work ethics such as; good work habits, attitudes, appreciation, and respect for work, applying all the theories and concept that they’ve learned in school, acquire new

skills and help to develop their communication skills and interpersonal skills through the help and guidance of industry experts and workers. These will help every student to be prepare to meet the needs and standards of employment.



  • The word “immersion” as it applies to the K to 12 curriculum is defined in the Department of Education (DepEd) Order No. 40, series of 2015: “Work Immersion refers to the part of the Senior High School (SHS) Curriculum consisting of 80 hours of hands-on experience or work simulation which the Grades 11 and 12 students will undergo to expose them to the actual workplace setting and to enrich the competencies provided by the school under the supervision of the SchoolHead and the designated personnel of the Partner.”
  • Immersion is done outside the school campus in a “Workplace Immersion Venue,” defined as “the place where work immersion of students is done. Examples of work immersion venues include offices, factories, shops and project sites.”

What could lead to confusion is that the word “immersion” actually has two meanings in K to 12. The first meaning refers to a required SHS subject in the curriculum. The second meaning refers not to a subject but to a preferred mode of delivery of Tech-Voc subjects.

  • Every worker should possess good behaviour in their workplace to maintain the balance and harmonious work environment.
  1. Work Ethics
  • By definition, Work ethic is a belief that work, hard work and diligence has a moral benefit and an inherent ability, virtue or value to strengthen character. It is about prioritizing work and putting it in the center of life. Social engrailment of this value is considered to enhance character through hard work that is respective to an individual’s field of work.
  • A strong work ethic is vital for achieving goals. A work ethic is a set of moral principles a person uses in their job. People who possess a strong work ethic embody certain principles that guide their work behavior, leading them to produce high-quality work consistently and the output feeds the individual to stay on track. A good work ethic fuels an individual’s needs and goals, it is related to the initiative by a person for the objectives. It is considered as a source of self-respect, satisfaction, and fulfillment. However, a negative work ethic is a behavior of a single individual or a group that has led to a systematic lack of productivity, reliability, accountability and a growing sphere of unprofessional/unhealthy relationships (e.g., power politics, lack of social skills, etc.)
  1. Positive Work Ethics

A work ethic of any kind not only includes how you feel about your place of employment or position but also how you perform the duties of your job. According to All About  Philosophy's website, a work ethic includes your attitude, communication abilities, behavior toward coworkers, honesty and accountability. What sets a positive work ethic apart  from a negative work ethic is the focus on confidence and encouraging interactions with coworkers. Your attitude toward your job and position in a positive work ethic is just that - - positive. You arrive at work with a smile on your face, focused on the task at hand and committed to performing your duties to the best of your ability.


  1. Why Ethics Are Important

A work ethic, especially a positive work ethic, is important from a business perspective for the confidence it breeds in clients and consumers. Your positive attitude and dedication  to a client's needs or creation of a product can boost your business' reputation as a company that deals honestly and fairly. Ethics also work to build a moral compass within a  Business and helps discourage attitudes and business models that seek to cut corners in the name of making a profit.

  1. Impact for Employers

Employers who emphasize a positive work ethic must be absolute in maintaining the environment for it to thrive according to the Global Ethics University. This means a business can allow no room for moral ambiguity, rationalization or ego in its positive work ethics model. Otherwise the strategy may fail. Just one rogue executive taking excessive privileges, such as private trips on a company plane, can ruin all the good will built by a positive work ethic.


  1. Characteristics of Having Good Work Ethics

When you have a good work ethic, you are dedicated to job that you deem valuable. You hold yourself to high standards of responsibility. You also keep yourself accountable  for getting work done right and on time, and for making good business decisions that help people and companies succeed. Having a solid work ethic means you understand  that productivity, organizational skills, being reliable and possessing good character are all attributes that successful people share.


Stealing personal property, sabotaging a coworker's client presentation, or taking someone's idea and making it your own are all ways that dishonesty creeps into the  workplace. Employees with strong ethics refrain from lying or cheating to make others look bad in the hopes of making themselves appear smarter. Instead, they take  responsibility for mistakes, own up to failures and keep the lines of communication open with everyone involved.

Refrains From Gossip

Workplace gossip can be destructive. When employees gossip about their peers, bosses or even clients, it's considered deviant behavior. An employee with good workplace  ethics refuses to engage in gossip or even listen it. This person will encourage others to mind their own business, or else address the person or situation head-on so that  assumptions and badmouthing can stop. Doing so helps eliminate resentment among coworkers and helps keep morale up.

Values Diversity

People with a good work ethic understand the importance of a diverse workplace. When you value everybody's contributions -- regardless of ability, age, gender or race -- it allows for more creativity and better problem solving. Diversity in the workplace contributes to successful client interactions. Overall, employee morale is higher.

Respects Others

An employee with a strong work ethic is rarely late. You respect everyone's time, from coworkers to clients to interviewees. You're also polite, conscientious of people's feelings  and considerate of workers in a shared workspace. In addition, someone with a strong work ethic uses time wisely so that deadlines are met. You'll keep personal phone  conversations quiet and not disrupt others. Out of respect, you'll also hear and consider everyone's opinions.


Having a good work ethic means you cooperate with others. While work may not always be satisfying or enjoyable, you see the bigger picture and do what is necessary for the  team and company. Instead of debating every issue and finding reasons why things can't get done, you use strong conflict resolution skills to solve problems and manage the  workload.

  1. Developing a Strong Work Ethic

If you put your all into your work, good things will come to you.

No matter how tough life gets, if you put your all into your work, good things will come to you. Staying positive, refusing to procrastinate and maintaining your focus are all  necessary ingredients to building a strong and rewarding work ethic.

Other strategies to becoming a great worker are setting a goal of dependability, always meeting deadlines and stepping up to fill unmet needs.

Let's look closer at each of these methods to construct a sturdy work ethic:


  1. Stay positive. You've probably heard the expression, "Attitude is everything". That's definitely true when you're working on creating a resilient work ethic. Your work improves when you approach it with a positive attitude. No matter what, staying positive about your tasks will help you become a rock star at work. You'll not only stand out to your supervisor, but your colleagues will notice, too.


  1. Refuse to procrastinate. Although you may be tempted to put off doing certain tasks or projects, make "Do it right now" your mantra. You'll find that often jobs are quickly and easily done in less time than you would have spent obsessing about the task.


  1. Keep your focus. When your plans are clear, you'll get more work done in less time. Put a sticky note on your calendar and computer. Organize your desk the day before you plan to start that huge project. Start focused and stay focused. You'll work like a machine when you devote your attention on the subject at hand.


  1. Set a goal of dependability. When you go the extra mile to complete your work, people will learn to trust that when you're given a job, you'll do it. Endeavor to be known as the one whom your boss and co-workers can always depend on to get the job done.


  1. Always meet deadlines. This point is crucial to developing a strong work ethic. Do whatever you have to do to meet a deadline. Of course, the best way to ensure you consistently meet deadlines is to negotiate in advance of taking on the task, so you have a bit of a say in the schedule. In the event your supervisor assigns you a project that must be done by a certain date in the near future, clarify right away with your boss what he sees as your priorities. This way, you've gained permission to alter the due dates on some of your other tasks to take on the urgent project.

If you communicate right away any concerns you have about deadlines, you're in a position to negotiate some of them. The bottom line is you'll ultimately be meeting deadlines approved by your supervisor.

  1. Step up to fill unmet needs. Volunteering to take on gaps in labor will make every supervisor you work for the happiest person in the world. We've all been on a committee where jobs were being assigned, the moderator got to a certain task and everyone shrank up or whispered, "Oh, I'm not taking that job!" A person with a strong work ethic views these situations as opportunities to stretch himself and show what he can do.

You might even discover a special talent you possess when you volunteer to take on a job. Consider it another line on your resume when you agree to write the department manual or perform some other task. Learn to step forward to fill unmet needs.

When you follow these suggestions, you'll develop great confidence in your work. Plus, you'll discover that you built something durable for your future: a strong work ethic that will bring you pride, joy and wealth for years to come.

  1. Here are some factors of a good work ethics:
  • Goal-oriented actions: it is not about making plans or the next logical steps; it's about getting things done so that the work invested wouldn't be counter-productive.
  • Dedicate on priority: focusing on qualitative activities that a person is capable and where they can make a difference or a high impact based on objectives.
  • Being available and reliable: spending time on the work and building oneself up for the task
  • Being available and reliable: spending time on the work and building oneself up for the task.
  • Conscientiousness: a desire to do a task well, being vigilant and organized.
  • Creating a rewarding routine/system: Engaging in tasks that provide strength and energy which can be transferred to your ultimate goals, creating a habit and a habitat for success.
  • Embracing positivism: shape a problem with the statement "good, (action) (problem)", e.g. "I'm tired and it is time for a workout" leads to "Good. Workout tired".

Steven Malanga refers to "what was once understood as the work ethic—not just hard work but also a set of accompanying virtues, whose crucial role in the development and sustaining of free markets too few now recall".

Max Weber notes that this is not a philosophy of mere greed, but a statement laden with moral language. It is in effect an ethical response to the natural desire for hedonic reward, a statement of the value of delayed gratification to achieve self-actualization. Franklin claims that Bible readings revealed to him the usefulness of virtue. Indeed, this reflects the then Christian search for ethic for living and the struggle to make a living.

Experimental studies have shown that people with fair work ethic are able to tolerate tedious jobs with equitable monetary rewards and benefits, they are highly critical, have a tendency for workaholics and a negative relation with leisure activity concepts. They valued meritocracy and egalitarianism.


The industrial engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) revised the notion of work ethic as a means of management control that delude workers about the actual reality for accumulated advantage, which is a form of avarice. Marxists, and some non-Marxist sociologists do not regard "work ethic" as a useful sociological concept. They argue that having a "work ethic" in excess of management's control doesn't appear rational in any mature industry where the employee can't rationally hope to become more than a manager whose fate still depends on the owner's decisions.


NOTE: Since work ethics deals with a code of conduct, or a set of principles that is acceptable in the work place, we need to look at what some of those principles are.

A list of work ethics for an employer or a company might be:

  • To provide a safe work environment for its staff and employees,
  • To treat employees with dignity and respect,
  • To provide a fair wage for the services rendered,
  • To handle all business transactions with integrity and honesty.

A list of work ethics for the employee might include:

  • To show up on time.
  • To tend to company business for the whole time while at work.
  • To treat the company’s resources, equipment, and products with care,
  • To give respect to the company. That means honesty and integrity.