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Introduction to Employee Rights and Responsibilities

A workplace or an organization is generally a place of diverse people having diverse regions, backgrounds, expertise, degrees, communities, and cultures.

They all join hands together and are expected to work to the fullest by 100% to achieve a company’s common goal as a whole. There are few Employee Rights and Responsibilities for every employer and employee in an organization.

It structures the entire system in a relatively straightforward manner. Every employee and the employer working with the company is assigned certain rights and specific responsibilities. Each member of the company has the clarity of what they are supposed to do after coming and putting attendance at the organization.


The Roles, employee Rights and Responsibilities of each working with the organization hold the vitality to a point where if disturbances occur due to the undefined roles and responsibilities, the results are cumbersome and difficult to manage. It is true because all the people, departments, or teams made in the future hold the common goal, and they all are interested and interdependent. If there is a delay in the work done from one end, it might badly affect the other department’s tasks and responsibilities.

We are here with this blog to make you deeply aware of the Employee Rights and Responsibilities today. Read every section of the article to get a better understanding of this topic.


What do you mean by ‘Employee Rights and Responsibilities?

Employee Rights:

It is defined as the predefined rights or privileges of an employee associated with the organization. It aims at receiving fair treatment from employers. Such requests can be put by an employee to their employers when he feels that something is going off in the organization than what was committed when finalizing the employment.

Employee Responsibilities:

Every employee linked with the company is allocated specific responsibilities to accomplish daily, weekly, or monthly. This responsibility defines the precise path that needs to be followed by an employee daily. Employees get paid by working successfully on such duties. Defining commitments also help the organization avoid chaos or confusion among employees regarding what needs to be done. This clarity indeed also helps the company in achieving its goals faster than expected.


Rights of employees

The Bureau of Working Conditions, a staff department of the Department of Labor and Employment, compiled a list of Basic Rights that every worker is entitled to. These rights ensure the safety and health of all workers.


The State shall protect labor, promote full employment, provide equal work opportunity regardless of gender, race, or creed; and regulate relations between employees and employers.


Every employee shall be assured security of tenure. No employee can be dismissed from work except for a just or authorized cause, and only after due process.Just cause refers to any wrongdoing committed by an employee; authorized cause refers to economic circumstances that are not the employee’s fault.


Art. 83. Normal hours of work. The normal hours of work of any employee shall not exceed eight (8) hours a day

An employee must be paid their wages for all hours worked. If their work hours fall between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., they are entitled to night shift pay in addition to their pay for regular work hours. If they work over eight hours a day, they are entitled to overtime pay.


A day-off of 24 consecutive hours after six (6) days of work should be scheduled by the employer upon consultation with the workers.

Under the law, you can be required to work under certain conditions.

Art. 92. When employer may require work on a rest day. The employer may require his employees to work on any day:

    1. In case of actual or impending emergencies caused by serious accident, fire, flood, typhoon, earthquake, epidemic or other disaster or calamity to prevent loss of life and property, or imminent danger to public safety;
    2. In cases of urgent work to be performed on the machinery, equipment, or installation, to avoid serious loss which the employer would otherwise suffer;
    3. In the event of abnormal pressure of work due to special circumstances, where the employer cannot ordinarily be expected to resort to other measures;
    4. To prevent loss or damage to perishable goods;
    5. Where the nature of the work requires continuous operations and the stoppage of work may result in irreparable injury or loss to the employer; and
    6. Under other circumstances analogous or similar to the foregoing as determined by the  Secretary of Labor and Employment.


Wage is the amount paid to an employee in exchange for to the service that they rendered to their employer. Wage may be fixed for a given period.


Wages should be paid directly to the employee in cash, legal tender, or through a bank.Wages shall be given not less than once every two weeks or twice within a month at intervals not exceeding 16 days.


Women are prohibited from engaging in night work unless the work is allowed by the following rules: industrial undertakings from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m., commercial/non-industrial undertakings from 12 m.n. to 6 a.m., or agricultural takings at night provided that she has had nine consecutive hours of rest.Welfare facilities, such as separate dressing rooms and lavatories, must be installed at the workplace.


Art. 139. Minimum employable age.

a. No child below fifteen (15) years of age shall be employed, except when he works directly under the sole responsibility of his parents or guardian, and his employment does not in any way interfere with his schooling.

The minimum employment age is 15 years of age. Any worker below 15 years of age should be directly under the sole responsibility of parents or guardians provided that work does not interfere with the child’s schooling or development.The minimum age of employment is 18 years for hazardous jobs, and 15 years for non-hazardous jobs.


Employers must provide workers with every kind of on-the-job protection against injury, sickness or death through safe and healthful working conditions.


Every worker has the right to self-organization, i.e., to form or to join any legitimate workers’ union, free from interference of their employer or the government. All workers may join a union for the purpose of collective bargaining and is eligible for union membership on the first day of their employment.

Collective bargaining is a process between two parties, namely the employer and the union, where the terms and conditions of employment are fixed and agreed upon. In collective bargaining, the two parties also decide upon a method for resolving grievances. Collective bargaining results in a contract called a Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA).

Employee's Responsibilities in the Workplace

All the Responsibilities of an employee in the organization is mention below:

1. Team Player

Employees will also be judged based on their individual and team performances. Tasks are often distributes into groups, and all of them work together to achieve a common goal. So, despite however enormous contributions you can provide as an individual, you would make nonsense as a team player. Still, suppose you do not possess the qualities of working in a group, ensuring the project completion on time, attending daily meetings, decision-making, and problem-solving skills. In that case, it’s difficult for you to get to the next level of promotion in the organization.

2. Aiming to achieve a common goal

An employee is noted to become an asset for the organization, not a liability! Employees must work to create some value for the organization they are associates with for a specific time. Else it is of no use to the company hiring them and paying heavy salaries.

Employees must think out of the box to generate new ideas about taking the company to the next level. Overall, predefined employee rights and responsibilities for every employee are standardized with the same mindset. The ultimate goal of every company is benefit – money, and recognition in the market. If you cannot contribute to this development, then there are chances of getting fired soon.

3. Attending orientation process and other meetings

It’s the primary responsibility of the employee to attend the orientation session with full alertness. It is the most crucial time for him as he is being introduced to the company’s work culture, expectations from him, meeting new colleagues, and working in the organization.

The employees should maintain a healthy work culture – it’s their most important employee rights and responsibilities. Shut the male-dominated workplace environment and give equal respect to everybody from utensil cleaners, floor cleaners helpers, females specifically, and the company’s CEO. Employees must adhere to all the rules, policies, and regulations designed for them.

4. Hiring Manager Responsibilities

Recognizing the right talent from the far is one of the crucial qualities of a Hiring Manager. A person working at this responsibility knows adequately how many new joiners are required and what exciting plans and compensation are designed to draw the attention of the marvelous talent towards our organization.

They take care of various parameters like prior experience, in-hand salary, tenure of working in previous organization, motivation for joining this company, etc. All the vacant positions in the company and are also responsible for the employees’ long-term retention. They aim to give the talent that can best fit the existing culture of the company.

5. Working Safely

An employee needs to make sure to work in a safe environment. Productivity of employees depends a lot on the surroundings and environment he works in – so in case he finds any equipment, let it be even oven of an office kitchen, coffee machine, laptop, harassment, office politics, phone, etc. not working in the normal state then it’s his responsibility to inform this case to the concerned department as soon a possible. Also, if you find somebody, not in good condition, is severely ill, he must inform HR to grant that individual leave as that person’s illness can affect other employees. It might seem to be a minor issue but can turn out to be life-taking for other employees in contact.

6. No Offensive Activities

Employees are generally hired by getting a proper background check. It is done to understand that employees are not a part of any criminal group or offensive activity. Also, all of their valid and verified documents are being xeroxed and attached to the company’s records. Moreover, if after being a part of the company any employee is found getting into a ruckus activity, leaking company’s personal information to third-party in exchange for money or threatening physical activities, or try to associate with the criminal groups, then straightway the case will be handed over to the court and will be handled legally for breaking the company’s rules.

7. Adhering to Company Rules

Keeping the Company’s Resources Safe is one of the most considerable responsibilities of an employee. The company handovers its property to the employees with mutual trust. Employees are generally allowed to carry their mobile phones or laptops and other resources to their homes. So, all these resources are required to appropriately handle. If anything breaks down physically due to the employee’s carelessness, they will be held accountable for paying compensation to overcome the loss.

8. Technical Expert Responsibilities

Technical errors are usually unpredictable and can occur at any time. Also, it ensures that all such mistakes, like laptop issues, mobile phone issues, etc., are rectified on time. The technical person possesses the technical expertise and relevant studies to understand the computer well and what must be done if hackers or a specific bug attacks the system. Even technical team people have particular targets and KRA – Key Result Areas to meet in the organization.

9. Managerial Responsibilities

An employee is put under various roles and additional responsibilities with the time – so, at this moment, it’s essential to manage the daily tasks and other activities. Regardless of whatever position you are working in, having the capability of ordering your day-to-day tasks with ease is vital. It is how an employee learns and grows in the organization by coming out of his comfort zone. Moreover, an employee must act as a leader too! He must think not only about his growth but for everybody’s growth.
What happens when Employees don’t adhere to their Responsibilities in the workplace?The employer or the company holds certain rights that he can take straight away on the spot if the employees fail to adhere to the responsibilities designed for them. Also.

The Consequences of What Expects to Happen are Mentions Below:

  1. The fresh mistakes of the employees are tackled by warning in writing via email or a letter.
  2. Based on the seriousness of the non-adherence of the responsibilities, in some cases, the employees are directly suspended for a few days from the company as their punishment.
  3. A small case can even get dragged to court. Here, the court takes the decision, as well as the entire issue, is handled legally to stay away from any loss that the employee can do to the business.
  4. In extreme cases, the employees are terminated from the company on the spot. Such cases are involved in crime, stealing from office property or sexually harassing women, or even bullying others with threats.
  5. Such incidences of committing negligence towards the employees’ predesigned responsibilities can lead to demotion in the company. Here, the employees are asked to do the lower-level job from what they are doing currently. Also, a written document is prepared of why the bump has happened, and the performance is taken as an effective tool to come up with such a decision.
  6. Suppose an employee leaves the organization or ends the contract without putting in the notice period. In that case, the company holds power to drag him to the court and ask for the money from him for the company’s loss because of the employee.