Introduction to Media and Information Literacy: Media Literacy, Information Literacy, and Technology Literacy

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The Description of Media Literacy, Information Literacy, and Technology Literacy

The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE USA) defines Media Literacy as the ability to access, analyse, evaluate, and communicate information in a variety of forms, including print and non-print messages. According to Yale University, this involves the ability to synthesize, analyse and produce mediated messages.

The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL USA) defined information literacy as a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use the needed information effectively.”


The New York State Education Department (NYSED) defines technology as the understanding of the concepts behind computing equipment, network connectivity, and application software; the skills to responsibly use appropriate technology to access, synthesize, evaluate, communicate, and create information to solve problems and improve learning in all subject areas; and ability to acquire new knowledge for on-going and lifelong learning in 21st century global workplace.


Individuals can be benefited in being media and information literate. Through media and information literacy, individuals can attain the following:

1. Significant improvement of quality of life

2. Greater political participation

3. Better economic opportunities

4. Improved learning environment

5. Developed and unified social units